In the 1940s, British shipping companies began the large-scale recruitment of African seamen in Lagos. On colonial ships, Nigerian sailors performed menial tasks for low wages and endured discrimination as cheap labor, while countering hardships by nurturing social connections across the black diaspora. Poor employment conditions stirred these seamen to identify with the nationalist sentiment burgeoning in postwar Nigeria, while their travels broadened and invigorated their cultural identities. Working for the Nigerian National Shipping Line, they encountered new forms of injustice and exploitation. When mismanagement, a lack of technical expertise, and pillaging by elites led to the NNSL’s collapse in the early 1990s, seamen found themselves without prospects. Their disillusionment became a broader critique of corruption in postcolonial Nigeria. In Nation on Board: Becoming Nigerian at Sea, Lynn Schler traces the fate of these seamen in the transition from colonialism to independence. In so doing, she renews the case for labor history as a lens for understanding decolonization, and brings a vital transnational perspective to her subject. By placing the working-class experience at the fore, she complicates the dominant view of the decolonization process in Nigeria and elsewhere.
In the age of globalization, the transnational dimension of sciences like medicine seems to be given. However, the agents connecting different parts of this transnational biomedical landscape have yet to receive their due attention. Situated at the intersection of contemporary debates as well as theories of medical anthropology and migration in the 21st century, this book explores the experiences of Nigerian trained physicians who migrated to the US and the UK within the last 40 years. By drawing on individual professional life stories, Judith Schühle illuminates how these physicians disconnect from and (re)connect to diverse local social and biomedical contexts, becoming established abroad while at the same time trying to influence health care services in Nigeria through transnational endeavors.
Magical Realism and Cosmopolitanism details a variety of functionalities of the mode of magical realism, focusing on its capacity to construct sociological representations of belonging. This usage is traced closely in the novels of Ben Okri, Salman Rushdie, Cristina García, and Helen Oyeyemi.
Doctoral Thesis / Dissertation from the year 2015 in the subject History - Africa, grade: 5, University of Lagos (Department of History and Strategic Studies), course: Economic History, language: English, abstract: This study is a comparison of the circumstances which led to the founding, operation, fall and liquidation of Nigeria’s and Ghana’s first national carriers. They emerged as part of the anti-colonial struggles by nationalist leaders in both countries to establish a supportive economic base for the impending flag independence of the heady 1960s in Africa. The carriers exemplify strong waves of economic nationalism. The thesis interrogates the success or otherwise of such policies and aids a pedagogical understanding of typical liquidation processes of failed state-owned shipping lines in the continent and elsewhere. Maritime traders with a focus on West Africa or Africa as well as students of social change and development would find that the study supplies insightful information to understand a thorny subject enmeshed in the politics of newly-independent, poverty-stricken, multi-ethnic societies grappling with the problems of mass illiteracy, lack of social amenities, violent partisan politics and poor human development indices. The study presents primary and secondary data, inclusive of archival information from London and Liverpool maritime repositories, the interviews of actors who participated in the real-life administration and operation of the carriers until their liquidation bring home the palpable empathy for seafarers, master mariners, engineers or radio officers who sailed to Abidjan, Lagos, Port Harcourt, Takoradi, Tema, Freetown, Warri or Bioco for over forty years aboard the ships of the two carriers and took care of sailor-families in different locales along the Dakar-Luanda range.
A tapestry of innovation, ideas, and commerce, Africa and its entrepreneurial hubs are deeply connected to those of the past. Moses E. Ochonu and an international group of contributors explore the lived experiences of African innovators who have created value for themselves and their communities. Profiles of vendors, farmers, craftspeople, healers, spiritual consultants, warriors, musicians, technological innovators, political mobilizers, and laborers featured in this volume show African models of entrepreneurship in action. As a whole, the essays consider the history of entrepreneurship in Africa, illustrating its multiple origins and showing how it differs from the Western capitalist experience. As they establish historical patterns of business creativity, these explorations open new avenues for understanding indigenous enterprise and homegrown commerce and their relationship to social, economic, and political debates in Africa today.
The question of nation building has enjoyed currency in the discourse about the general development of countries around the world. Its global importance could be discerned in two different areas; nation-building as applied to efforts aimed at rebuilding a country after a war as in Bosnia, Iraq, Afghanistan, and so on; and nation-building with regard to efforts aimed at dealing with the sobering realities of failed or failing countries whose populations have been exploited, abused and mismanaged almost to the point of extinction. As can, and should be expected, Nigeria and Nigerians, at home and abroad, have not been exempt from these discourses especially in the past few years as the countrys nascent and fledging (?) democracy became embarrassingly threatened to the point of abortion within Nigeria and the international community of nations. In ones sober moments, the realisation that Nigeria is fast becoming another failed state procures rather scary thoughts.
An inspirational account of hope, determination, survival and the saving grace of God.This book is an inspirational memoir of how I became a woman in Nigeria and the miraculous journey I took to become the woman I am now. The book detailed how my faith in God and my determination never to give up helped me to accomplish my dreams. This is a book that everyone can relate to, which focuses on faith, hope and the determination to survive against all odds. After reading this book, you will see faith in action. It will provide you with how to survive difficult times in life even when you think you can not hold on any longer.
Joe Garbas Legacy Selected Speeches and Lectures On National Governance, Confronting Apartheid and Foreign Policy Joseph Nanven Garba came to international attention in July 1975, as a member of Supreme Military Council in Nigerias new military government. Then a Colonel, the commander of the Brigade of Guards and a distinguished career officer, fate, which some call luck, thrust upon him the role of Commissioner (Minister) for External Affairs, after initially being slotted for the Transport portfolio. A diplomatic neophyte, Garba, who characterized himself as the most undiplomatic soldier there was, would learn the finer points and also the caprices of international diplomacy on the job. He did well, serving as Nigerias foreign minister, from 1975-1978 and consequently holding key diplomatic, academic and political positions - all which offered him the unfettered pulpit to speak assertively on national and international issues within his remit. When Garba spoke, people listened; for he was eloquent, had the personality and did not dodge heady issues. He had gone from an unknown quantity, whose appointment as Foreign Minister, had elicited from the Nigerian intelligentsia the terse reaction, Garba Who? to become a skillful and renowned diplomat and an assured voice of Nigeria. The thirty-two speeches and lectures in this volume represent just a fraction of the many he delivered. They are presented in remembrance and as a befitting legacy on the tenth anniversary of his passing.
In the last six years, Nigeria has broken the grip of dictatorship, poverty, and corruption to emerge as one of Africa's most peaceful nations. A role model for other developing countries, Nigeria now enjoys its position as a peace and power broker, defying the odds of its past. Home to the world's greatest concentration of black people and led by President Olusegun Obasanjo, Nigeria now enjoys economic prosperity and the fruits of democracy. But these successes were fraught with challenges. The denigration and stereotyping of black people created a constant barrier to change, one that was not easily overcome. Dr. Jubril Olabode Aka delivers a compelling portrayal of Nigeria, focusing on the country's emerging force for tolerance and hope. Aka discusses such topics as peaceful conflict resolution, Nigeria's foreign policy, the government's success in eliminating fraud and corruption, and the need to eradicate discrimination. Blacks Greatest Homeland examines Nigeria's history, leadership, and future, offering an honest and positive look at the sweeping changes Nigeria has made in the last decade.
The Routledge Companion to World History since 1914 is an outstanding compendium of facts and figures on World History. Fully up-to-date, reliable and clear, this volume is the indispensable source of information on a thorough range of topics such as: the Arab-Israeli conflict anti-semitism and the Holocaust all the world's major famines and natural disasters since 1914 whether all countries of the world have a king, president, prime minister or other governance GNP of the world's major states, year by year biographies of key figures civil rights movements the Vietnam War the rise of terrorism globalization. Thematically presented, the book covers topics relevant from the First World War to the Iraq war of 2003, and from post-colonial Africa to conflicts and movements in Southeast Asia. With maps, chronologies and full bibliography, this user-friendly reference work is the essential companion for students of history, politics and international relations, and for all those with an interest in world history.
Fraud at the Hague-Bakassi examines how the 9/11 attacks on America affected many countries around the world. The strength of the fundamentalist Islamic groups triggered the war on terror, which unnerved many countries around the globe. To counter this, President George W. Bush began the invasion of the two Arab countries Afghanistern and Iraq without approval on the latter. The invasion had an effect on international politics in the European Union because they felt threatened by the United States declaration of the war on terrorism. The United States is the only superpower that showed any interest in establishing military bases in Africa, specifically in the Bakassi region in Africa. The move was not welcome in Europe because the Bakassi was a strategic region located in Nigeria thatwas a forbidden zone for any superpower to occupy. In response to this encroachment by the United States, the World Court in the Hague, in a controversial decision, ceded the territory to Cameroon—thus ending the Cameroon versus Nigeria dispute over the Bakassi peninsula region. This decision effectively and deliberately kept the United States out of the region, but it also deprived Nigeria of a region that had belonged to it for centuries—from before even the Europeans arrived in Africa.
Echoes of a Century discusses fundamental issues in Nigeria's loose federation as well as unresolved national challenges in the past 100 years. It also examines the issue of leadership and its ceaseless manipulation through zoning, federal character, demography, ethnicity and religion that revolve around individuals against national interest; the politics and illusion of oil wealth that has become the nation's albatross; endemic corruption and societal decadence that negate her growth and development, and the clamour for a national conference to renegotiate the country's future.
Divided into geographic regions and representing every African nation, this comprehensive collection of case studies explores how successful business enterprises of varying size, along with community projects, help to create jobs in Africa. A valuable guide to conducting business anywhere on the continent, this account also offers information on finding business opportunities and handling oft-encountered problems.
This is the first comprehensive grammar of Nigerian Pidgin. This book provides basic descriptive and analytical treatment of the syntax, morphology and phonology of a language which may soon become the most widely spoken in all of Africa.